It ripens successively from the end of July to the beginning of August, is of medium size, yellowish-green in colour and reddened on the sunny side. The flesh is light, melting in the mouth, pleasantly sweet-sour and quickly overripe. The tree grows strongly in young-years, later hanging and brings then extensive and regular yields. ´Clapps´ is also suitable as a pollinator for other varieties.
Since the red colorants in fruits, which belong to the group of phenols and radical scavengers, are proven to be beneficial for health, fruit varieties with a red flesh have become popular in every species in recent years.
So also Blutbirnen ("Blood pears"), although they have already been described since 1675 in France and since 1684 in Germany.
As they quickly become doughy and can only be stored for a short time, little attention was paid to the small, pressure-sensitive fruits, even though the tree is resistant to cold and late frost.
We offer two different origins of the blood pear, the Italian "Pera Cocomera" and the "Weinviertler Blutbirne" from Rosa Leissers Biogarten. A more than 60 year old pear tree, slightly alternating but regularly bearing, produces ripening, small, red fleshed fruits with a fine, typical pear aroma, tender skin and without stone cells from the beginning to the middle of August. They have always - since grandfather's times - been harvested quickly (when they fall they are floury) and processed into dried fruit, compote and strudel or eaten freshly.
DR. JULES GUYOT
ripens about 1 week before Williams and is often wrongly referred to as "Frühe Williams" ("Early Williams"). The fruit is medium to large in size, can be stored for up to three weeks and has a melting, juicy, sourly sweet flesh. The tree grows medium to weak, produces medium-high but regular yields and is well suited for spindle cultivation.
Our most important summer pear turns ripe for picking in mid-August and is ready for consumption just two weeks later. It is medium to large in size, yellowish-green to bright yellow in colour, juicy, melting, refreshingly sour and harmoniously sweet, strongly spiced. Due to its perfumed taste, it is an ideal fruit for processing with low shelf life. The tree grows medium strong at first, later weak and is reciprocal intersterile (group infertility) with Gute Luise.
It has several clones with a particularly homogeneous, bright red colour. Ripening time and fruit quality are identical to the Williams Christ pear. The tree grows strongly, irregularly and produces medium yields.
has always been an important autumn variety in the cultivation of pears in Eastern Styria. The fruit is medium sized, juicy, sweet and finely spiced. The skin is green-yellow with a light red cheek. The tree grows moderately and is virus-free and is compatible with quinces.
is one of the finest autumn pears in terms of taste, very juicy, melting, finely spiced and sweet. Despite the solid, bronze-coloured skin, the shelf life is low. The tree grows strong, erect and is often used as index pear because of its good quince tolerance.
This high-quality autumn pear is often referred to on the market as ´Kaiser Alexander´ and will ripen from mid-September. The fruit is medium to large in size, long pear-shaped, greenish-yellow and cinnamon-brown rusted; despite its leathery appearance it is tender and not very sensitive, very juicy, sweet and nobly spiced. The tree grows moderately strong and brings late but high and regular yields. Despite its late blossoming, it is a good type of pollinator.
is a large, bulbous pear with a rather modest taste that ripens late. However, the Austrian consumer is familiar with it and also likes to buy it because of its beautiful fruit size. Alexander Lukas blossoms early and is triploid, therefore unsuitable as a pollinator.
was crossed in the Institute of Horticultural in East Malling from ´Doyenne du Comice´ (Vereinsdechants) x ´Conference´, and brings very early and very high yields. The fruit is very large, beautifully pear-shaped and when ripe it comes with an attractive yellow base colour with little or no rusting. The flesh is smooth, sweet, aromatic and juicy and has good storage suitability.
This well-tried and very widespread variety brings elongated, bottle-shaped fruits with a finely rough rusted skin and good taste. Often it seems not very attractive, but it is juicy, sweet, tasty and does not become stony. The tree grows medium strong, slightly upright and is very robust. Conference blossoms medium early, is a good pollinator and produces early, high and regular yields.
The queen of pears concerning taste - you could say it is the pear equivalent of the apple variety Cox Orange.The flesh is cream-coloured, fine, juicy and melting, sweet-sour and delicately seasoned. For full taste development, it requires warm locations and good, pearwood soil. ´Vereinsdechants´ is ripe for picking in mid-October and can be enjoyed from November to January. New clones are much more fruitful and better coloured than in the past, which also makes them interesting in modern cultivation. Therefore, it is one of the most valuable late autumn varieties, not susceptible to scab, late flowering and unsurpassed in taste.
Soledano is a dark-red, solid-skinned mutation of Vereinsdechants, with all the other characteristics of its mother-variety.
Is a large, very long, distinctly bottle-shaped pear with yellowish-green skin colour and net-like, fine-flakey russeting. Since it needs warm locations for full taste development, it is mainly known from Italy. The white colored, semi-melting - juicy and sweet flesh has a distinct, pleasantly mild and melting taste with a fine aroma when ripe well. The pear is ripe for picking from the end of September (it should by no means be harvested too early), ready to eat in October/November and can also be kept until January when it is stored chilled.
The tree grows rather weak to medium strong and brings early, medium-high yields.
The variety develops into a temptingly coloured winter pear with a medium-high, regular yield when being planted at a suitable location (warm, open location, good soil that is rich in humus, sufficient moisture, but no accumulating wetness). The fruit should be harvested as late as possible - from mid-October - and will not be well ripe until January to March. It is medium in size, reddish-yellow to brown-red in colour, semi-melting, juicy, grainy on poor soils. The tree grows moderately strong and forms loose, sparse crowns.
is bred in Australia (Uvedale St. Germain x Williams) and is strongly imported from South Africa to Austrian shops in spring. The fruit is large, bulbous, green in colour and bumpy. The flesh is finely melting, juicy and sour with a fine aroma. The tree grows medium strong and produces very early, high yields.
NOVEMBRA® (Synonym: Nojabrskaja)
is a particularly large-fruited, very long storable variety from Moldova. It is firm to the bite and juicy with a fine aroma. The bulbous pear-shaped, green-yellow fruits are harvested 10 to 14 days after Conference - mid September to early October - and can be stored chilled until May while they also have a very good shelf life. The tree grows weakly and carries on the annual as well as on the perennial wood, which in combination with the large fruits leads to extremely high and early yields. The blossoming is early, before Conference, and tends to form parthenocarp fruits.
NASHI - The Asian pear
Nashis were being discussed worldwide for a while because they were traded at high unit prices coming from New Zealand. Nashis look interesting with their brown-green, rough-rusted skin and marked lentice cells. The fruit shape is more like an apple, but the tree and leaves look like the ones of a pear. Nashis taste sweet and are surprisingly very, very juicy, which you wouldn't expect from the firm fruit. The skin is thin and easily vulnerable. About 20 different varieties are tested at the University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences in Vienna and in our private pilot plant:
The best known or most interesting are:
ripens early in September, is medium-sized, yellow-brown rusted, has a pleasantly honey-like aroma and is sweet and juicy;
ripens in mid-September, medium in size, smooth-shelled yellow, particularly rich-bearing, juicy and sweet;