SOUR CHERRY VARIETIES
From 3 Hungarian Köröszer-clones, this one has proved itself best.
Köröszer II ripens in the 3rd - 4th week of the cherry season, shortly before Van; sweet, dark red in colour, large to very large (5.9g), medium-high but regular yields; medium vigorous; ideal for fresh consumption due to its low acidity; firm and resistant to transport; self-fertile; Köröszer II is the best early variety for picking with a stem for the fresh market (without leaves).
MORELLENFEUER (Kelleris 16)
ripens one week after Köröszer II, is medium in size (4.8g), tastes very sweet-cherry-like and is therefore not suitable for the juice making. Fruit and stalk hold strongly together, and yet Morellenfeuer is a widely used variety in mechanically shaken sour cherry cultivation in Germany, the Czech Republic and Denmark. Not least because of its high and regular yield, its self-fertile and insensitive blossoming - it is also a great pollinator for Köröszer and various sweet cherry varieties - and its good suitability for fresh consumption as well as canned sterile and frozen food.
is a very large-fruited, sweet sour cherry and ripens a few days before Köröszer Pandy. Saskia is dark red, about 1g bigger than Karneol and Köröszer Pandy and has an even better taste than them. Saskia is a classical sour cherry for the fresh market and is particularly suitable for direct sales and the home garden.
The tree grows medium to strong - somewhat weaker than Karneol. Saskia produces earlier and higher yields than Karneol or Köröszer Pandy and is partly self-fertile.
Although being very well suited for sterile and frozen preserves and delivering excellent brandies, the classical Köröszer (Pandy) is a very good variety for fresh consumption. The fruit is large, red - brown-red, sweet with pleasant acidity - very tasty. Köröszer Pandy grows vigorously, is not self-fertile and requires growth-reducing rootstocks such as Gisela 5. Morellenfeuer, Schattenmorelle and many sweet cherries are suitable for pollination.
The 'Ungarische Traubige' (Ujfehertoi fürtös) is one of the most delicious sour cherries. The fruit detaches well from the stalk, is large, sweet and very suitable for fresh consumption due to its low acidity. Ujfehertoi fürtös blooms early, is self-fertile - however, cross-fertilization (Schattenmorelle, Morina, Morellenfeuer, Karneol,...) ensures success even in bad blooming weather. The tree grows very strongly, upright and blooms on both annual long shoots and spurs.
is the result of a crossing ´Köröszer´x´Schattenmorelle´ in Dresden-Pillnitz. The shiny, attractive fruit is brown-red, large (6.5g) and ripens shortly before or with Schattenmorelle. Due to its low acid content, Karneol is particularly suitable for the fresh market and domestic processing as cake topping or compote. The fruit detaches relatively easily from the stalk. The tree grows strong, upright at an angle and is particularly suitable for spindle cultivation.
is ripe for consumption in the 6th week of the cherry season; the fruit is medium to large (5.2g), dark brown-red, sour, juicy and strongly colouring; this sour cherry grows medium strong, first upright, later hanging and must be rejuvenated more often so that the tree does not bald from the inside. The yield is very early, very high and regular. Recommended for self-providers as a valuable preserving fruit as well as for obtaining fresh juice.
was cultivated at the Geisenheim Research Institute and ripens after Schattenmorelle. The dark and firm fruit is large (6g), detaches from the stem, is easy to transport and not sensitive to mechanical harvesting. The tree grows weak, bears very rich, blossoms late and is self-fertile. Gerema is robust against monilia and cherry leaf spot.