OLD APPLE VARIETIES THAT ARE BEING REDISCOVERED

WEISSER KLARAPFEL

The weiße Klarapfel (“white clear apple”) begins to mature in mid-July and soon becomes relatively friable. The fruit is spherical, small to large, greenish-white coloured, fine-celled and refreshingly sour without noteworthy aroma. The tree grows moderately strong, is winter frost-resistant and susceptible to mildew, cancer and blood louse.


GRAVENSTEINER

This apple ripens from the end of August to the beginning of September and can be stored until November. The fruit is medium-sized, light yellow and flamed red. The flesh is fine-celled, sweet-sour and strongly spicy. Strong growth.

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JAMES GRIEVE

James Grieve ripens from the beginning of September until the beginning of October. The fruit is large, orange-red striped on a yellow base, juicy, but soon becomes tender. The taste is sour-sweet with a fine spice.

The tree grows moderately strong and yields high harvests.


GRAUE HERBSTRENETTE

It is also called leather or grindrenette because of its peel, which is often completely rusty. It is medium-sized and ripens at the end of September. The flesh is greenish white, juicy, sometimes coarse-celled, sweet-sour and spicy. Strong growth.


GOLDPARMÄNE

The Wintergoldparmäne needs very favourable locations with nutrient-rich, warm and light soils with moderate moisture to develop its very tasty aroma. It is also suitable for warmer high altitudes. Under unfavourable conditions, the Goldparmäne is susceptible to scab, mildew, blood thieves and highly susceptible to cancer. The fruits are medium-sized, roundish, with a yellowish-green base colour and red covering colour. The taste is finely sweet and sourish with a typical, spicy aroma.


ROTER HERBSTKALVILL

The "gypsy apple", as it is commonly known, ripens at the end of September and is edible until November. The fruit is large, strongly ribbed, with a smooth, greasy, bright wine red skin. The flesh is white, streaked with red veins and spiced sweet and sourish. The tree grows strongly and broad-pyramidal.


COX ORANGE

The "Cox Orangenrenette" is considered to be the best dessert apple variety for commercial and amateur cultivation in terms of taste. The variety requires firm, permeable soils that are rich in humous, a mild, humid climate and superior care. Cox Orange is highly susceptible to scab, mildew, cancer, rotting, blight, aphids, fire blight and virosis. The fruit is medium-sized and roundishly flattened with a yellow base colour. The covering colour varies from lighter red to brown-red, flat and striped. The excellent taste is strongly sweet and sourish with typical, refined aroma, juicy and fine-celled flesh.

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LANDSBERGER RENETTE

´Landsberger` is a colourful early winter apple that has declined drastically in cultivation due to its severe disease and pest infestation (scab, mildew, cancer, aphid and Monilinia). However, due to its only moderate demands on the location and its suitability for all types of domestic processing, it is still justifiable for self-supply and hobby cultivation. The fruits are small to large, greenish-yellow with a brownish red covering colour, slightly greasy. The taste is mild, sweet-sour and spicy


GELBER BELLEFLEUR

The Gelbe Bellefleur is a large winter apple and can be stored until April. The apple is cylindrical, angular, often irregularly shaped and yellow in colour. The flesh is juicy, fine-celled, medium-hard to soft and sweet in taste. The tree grows moderately strong, umbrella-shaped and is susceptible to cancer, mildew and scab.


KRONPRINZ RUDOLF

can be described as a tried and tested cultivar in both amateur and professional cultivation. It ripens at the end of September and can be stored until January. The fruit is small to medium-sized, yellowish-green with a red cheek; the flesh is white, juicy, fine-celled, sweet-sour and pleasantly spicy. The tree grows strongly, upright and is susceptible to scabbing.

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SCHAFNASE

The "Steirische Schafnase" ("Styrian sheep nose") is named for its cylindrical, tall-conical fruit. It is usually yellow-orange coloured and flamed red. The pulp is medium-hard, very juicy, soon tender and sour-sweet in taste. The Schafnase is suitable as a dessert apple and can be easily used in many ways in every household.


LAVANTALER BANANENAPFEL

It is a medium sized, yellowish-red coloured winter dessert apple. The fruit flesh is yellowish-white, juicy and moderately firm; the taste is acidic-sweet and banana-like flavoured. The tree grows weakly, pyramidally and is little susceptible to diseases.


ROTER BOSKOOP

´Boskop´ is a tasty, colourful winter dessert apple variety with a wide range of cultivation, an intensive variety for commercial fruit-growing, self-catering and the cultivation of orchards. The fruits are medium to large in size, greenish-yellow with a cinnamon-like carmine red covering colour and mostly rusty. Good ripening results in a high quality of taste with refreshing acidity, sufficient sweetness and a strong aroma that is typical to reinetten. Boskop is sensitive to wood and blossom frost. Due to its strong growth, M 9 and weaker rootstocks are recommended.

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ILZER WEINLER

It is also called "Ilzer Rosenapfel" and is dyed to 2/3 dark red on a golden yellow ground. Close to the peel, the flesh of the fruit is often pinkish, juicy, sweet-sour and wine-like. The fruit is small to medium-sized; the tree grows strongly and is very robust.


ANANASRENETTE

This well-known winter dessert variety brings lemon-yellow-coloured, medium-sized fruits with a sourish, typically spicy taste. The tree grows weakly, is robust against scab, but susceptible to cancer and mildew.


JUNGFERNAPFEL

The Rote Böhmische Jungfernapfel (Chrisofsker) is a popular old apple variety. The rather small, spherical apple, usually more than half of which is coloured red, tastes sour-sweet, slightly spiced and can be stored until after Christmas. The tree is robust against blossom and winter frost but susceptible to scab.


STEIRISCHER MARSCHANZKER

This not exactly pretty winter apple is appreciated by lovers as dessert apple as well as for processing. The base colour is yellow, the covering colour is partly washed red to dotted; partly rust spots and warts; the fruit is small to medium-sized; the tree grows moderately strong and is susceptible to scab.


RHEINISCHER KRUMMSTIEL

The ´Krummstingel´ is medium to large in size, light orange-yellow in colour and up to one half is often striped in carmine red; the taste is sweet-sour and spicy. The tree grows strongly and is resistant to frost and fungal diseases.


ROTER BERLEPSCH

It is also known as the ´Freiherr von Berlepsch´ ("Baron of Berlepsch") and is a valuable winter table variety for the cultivation by lover's and orchards. It ripens from the end of September to the beginning of October, is small to medium in size and brightly dark red coloured on a yellow ground, with star-like rusty lenticels. Berlepsch is characterized by a fine acidic, aromatic taste and high vitamin C content. The tree grows vigorously and has a low susceptibility to scab and mildew.

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BAUMANNSRENETTE

Ripe for harvest: Mid to late October; Ripe for consumption: December to March. The fruit is medium-sized, dark red striped on a yellow-green to orange-yellow base. The tree grows moderately strong and compact.


BOHNAPFEL

This apple is good for sales and direct consumption and matures in mid-October. The fruit is small to medium-sized, blunt brown-red coloured on a green-yellow ground. The tree grows moderately strong and compact.


CHAMPAGNERRENETTE

The Champagnerrenette is not ripe for consumption until February, is coarse-celled, acidic, juicy, hard and spicy. The basic colour is greenish-yellow to lemon-yellow; the stem pit is radiantly rusted; the tree grows flat pyramidally and is susceptible to scab.